DID YOU KNOW?
Q: What are bloodborne pathogens?
A: Infectious microorganisms in human blood that can cause diseases in humans.
There is a staggering statistic about injuries with bloodborne pathogens. Roughly 3 million occupational injuries occur every year.
The major blood pathogens are:
- Hepatitis B (HBV)
- Incubation period is 45 to 160 days.
- Hepatitis C (HCV)
- Incubation period is 14 to 180 days.
- Human Immunodeficiency Virus
- Incubation period ranges from a few months to 10 years or more.
KEEP IN MIND
Bloodborne pathogens can be transmitted through blood and other bodily fluids through:
- Sexual contact
- Use of dirty needles
- Direct blood to blood contact
- Contact with mucous membranes
- Open cuts and sores
Prevention of Bloodborne Pathogens
- Take Universal Precautions and treat all blood, bodily fluids, and any other objects as if they are infected.
- Sharps containers for disposing of used needles
- Mechanical devices to pick up contaminated items
- Self-capping syringes
- Proper housekeeping, sanitation, and disposal procedures
- Clearly labeling sharps container
- Not eating, drinking, or applying makeup in work areas
PPE (Last Line of Defense)
- Disposable gloves
- Safety glasses and face shields
- Protective coverings (i.e mask)
- Ventilation barriers
REPORT EXPOSURE IMMEDIATELY